Article Review Process
There are several ways to become involved in the article review process. One way is to speak with a faculty member at your institution about your interest in becoming a reviewer and offer to serve as a co-reviewer on a paper with them. This will provide you with the chance to learn the process under the direction of a faculty supervisor. Additionally, serving as a co-reviewer will create an opportunity for the editor to gain insight regarding your ability to effectively serve as a potential reviewer in the future. To become a co-reviewer on a manuscript, it is recommended that approval is sought in advance from the journal editor due to the confidential nature of the review process. Speaking with peers about becoming a reviewer is another way, as it is likely that some have served in the past or are currently serving as reviewers for various journals. Contacting the editor of a journal directly is another way to become involved as a peer reviewer. When contacting the editor, it is important to provide information regarding your basic qualifications as well as your specific areas of interest in order to provide the editor with an appropriate idea of what manuscripts you might be best suited to review. Finally, publishing in peer-reviewed journals is another method for becoming a reviewer. As you become established in a particular area, editors may invite you to engage in the review process for their journal. However, those early in their career are likely to have limited publications and therefore this option may take longer.
It is important to note however, that to be a reviewer for several journals, including the American Psychological Association (APA) journals, that there may be requirements that must be met such as having published yourself in a peer-reviewed journal. Additional recommendations posed by journals for those interested in seeking reviewer status are to be a frequent reader of empirical journals in your area of expertise in order to have current knowledge of the standing literature. For those interested in serving as a reviewer for a neuropsychology journal, several journals to become familiar with include the Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Journal of Neuropsychology, The Clinical Neuropsychologist, and Neuropsychology.
Upon becoming a peer reviewer for a journal it is fundamental that one is familiar with the review process itself. Duff and colleagues published in the Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology on how to become a peer reviewer, in which they outline recommendations for how one should go about reviewing a manuscript for a neuropsychology journal (see Duff et al., 2009).
Duff, K., O’Bryant, S.E., Westervelt, H.J., Sweet, J.J., Reynolds, C.R., van Gorp, W.G., Tranel, D., & McCaffrey, R.J. (2009). On becoming a peer reviewer for a neuropsychology journal. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 24, 201-207.